Sunday, 12 January 2014

INTELLIGENT AMBULANCE FOR CITY TRAFFIC POLICE (ECE/EEE Project)

FOR FINAL YEAR STUDENTS PROJECT

INTELLIGENT AMBULANCE FOR CITY TRAFFIC POLICE

                        
INTRODUCTION

This project is based on VTU syllabus. The proposed system is based on ATMEL 89S52 µcontroller which is in our syllabus.
For doing this project we use some of the software like
v  Embedded C for programming the application software to the microcontroller.
v  Protel schematic software is used for designing the circuit diagram for this project.
v  Express PCB software is used for designing the PCB for this project.
(Since PCB making is a big process and involves lot of machineries which are expensive, we are going to outsource this to the manufacturer.)


ABSTRACT:

The main aim of this project is develop an intelligent ambulance which will reach the hospitals without any problem in heavy traffics.

This particular project is designed for the cities with heavy traffic .Eg: In Bangalore the roads are full jammed every time. Most of the time the traffic will at least for 100meters .In this distance the traffics police can’t hear the siren form the ambulance .so he ignores this .Then the ambulance has to wait till the traffic is left. Some times to leave the traffic it takes at least 30 minutes .So by this time any thing can happen to the patient .So this project avoid these disadvantages.

According to this project if any ambulance comes near when the ambulance at emergency comes to any traffic post the traffic signals automatically stop the signals and give green signal for this ambulance.

COMPONENTS USED:

v  Power Supply 5v DC                             -           LM 7805
v  Micro controller                                     -           AT89S52-Atmel (www.Atmel.Com)
v  Siren (12Vdc)
v  Memory                                                -          Atmel (2Kbytes)
v  Real Time Clock                                    -          (RTC – DS1307)
v  Light Emitting Diode (LED)
v  IR transmitter & receiver
SOFTWARES USED:
v  Embedded C

WORKING PRINCIPLE:

When the ambulance at emergency comes to any traffic post the traffic signals automatically stop the signals and give green signal for this ambulance.         

The ambulance carries an infrared transmitter and every traffic post will have an infrared receiver. So whenever the ambulance comes near the traffic, the ambulance will transmit a code say “emergency” the receiver will receive this signal and check in the database of the micro controller. Then it immediately switch off the other signals that is it make all the signals red and later make this particular direction signal green. So by doing this the ambulance can go without any problem.


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